21 Facts about Greece you didn’t know


21 facts about Greece
1. Greece is considered the cradle of Western civilisation, being the birthplace of democracy, Western philosophy, the Olympic Games, Western literature, historiography, political science, major scientific principles, and drama, including both tragedy and comedy.

2. Athens, the capital city of Greece, is one of the oldest cities in the world with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years.

3. Greece has more archaeological museums per capita than any other country in the world.

4. The country is made up of thousands of islands, about 227 of which are inhabited. The exact number varies by definition and source.

5. Greece enjoys more than 250 days of sunshine, or 3,000 sunny hours a year, making it one of the sunniest countries in the world.

6. Mount Olympus is Greece’s highest mountain and was considered by the ancient Greeks as the dwelling of their gods, ruled by Zeus.

7. Greece has a significant historical and cultural connection with the olive tree; olive oil is central to Greek cuisine, and ancient Olympic athletes were crowned with olive wreaths.

8. The concept of democracy originated in Athens, around 508-507 BC, developed by Cleisthenes.

9. The Greek language is one of the oldest written languages in the world, and it has been spoken for more than 3,000 years, making it one of the oldest languages still spoken today.

10. Greece is the leading producer of sea sponges.

11. The Greek flag contains nine stripes representing the nine syllables of the phrase “Eleftheria i Thanatos” (Freedom or Death), a motto from the Greek War of Independence.

12. Greece’s national cheese, feta, which makes up 70% of the cheese consumption in Greece, can only be named “feta” if produced in certain areas of Greece.

13. Ikaria, a Greek island, is one of the world’s Blue Zones, regions with the longest-living people. It’s noted for the longevity of its inhabitants.

14. The first known analog computer, the Antikythera mechanism, was discovered in a shipwreck off the Greek island of Antikythera. It was used to predict astronomical positions and eclipses.

15. Greece has a rich maritime tradition and boasts the largest merchant navy in the world, in terms of tonnage.

16. The ancient Greeks had multiple gods and goddesses, about 12 of whom were considered the principal deities and resided on Mount Olympus.

17. The traditional Greek theatre originated in Athens and is considered the foundation of Western theatre.

18. Santorini, famous for its stunning sunsets and whitewashed buildings, is actually the site of one of the largest volcanic eruptions in recorded history, around 1600 BC.

19. The Olympic Games originated in ancient Greece in 776 BC, held in honour of Zeus in Olympia. They were revived in the modern era in 1896 in Athens, Greece.

20. The Greek philosopher Socrates is considered the father of Western philosophy. Despite his foundational role, he never wrote down any of his teachings.

21. The name “Greece” was given by the Romans, while the Greeks refer to their country as “Hellas” or “Ellada” and themselves as “Hellenes”.

Πηγή: The Travel Bible


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